of México. Originally Vicepresident to President Santa
Anna. He was born in Jiquilpan, Michoacán. His parents
were Spaniards. He studied arts at the Seminario de Guadalajara
and then he went to Mexico City to study medicine, where he met
Valentín Gómez Farias.
out a degree, he went to San Luis Potosi. He was attracted by
the army more than by medicine. When the movement of independence
began, Bustamante joined the Plan de Iguala. During the Government
of Iturbide he performed several government functions and after
the defeat, Bustamante maintained his Iturbide political affiliation.
1829, Vicente Guerrero assumed the Presidency and Anastacio Bustamante
was named vice-president. With the same weapons that Guerrero
entrusted to him, Bustamante defeated the president and assumed
the presidency from January, 1, 1830 to August 14, 1832. During
his first administration, an attempt was carried out against Vicente
Guerrero. In 1833 he was exiled to Europe. At the end of 1836,
because of the war in Texas, he was called by the government back
January 1, 1837, Bustamante was designated president of the Republic
from April 19, 1834 to March 20, 1839. During his administration,
France declared war on Mexico which came to be known as the “Guerra
de los Pasteles”. On July 19, 1839 he came back to the presidency,
during this government and had to put out the revolution of 1840,
headed by Valentín Farias and General Uranga. On September
22, 1841, with a rebellion in Guadalajara, General Paredes joined
Santa Anna and removed Bustamante from power.
again he went to Europe where he stayed until 1844. Later he was
named Senator, but he could not perform the position because of
the resistance against him. He also took charge of some military
missions like the expedition to California in 1847. In 1848 he
was ordered to pacify the states of Guanajuato and Aguascalientes.
At the end of his military career, he retired to San Miguel de
Allende where he died.
Source: Information collected by the National
Institute of Historical Studies of the Mexican Revolution, from
the Porrúa dictionary of History, Biography, and Geography
of Mexico, Porrúa, México City 1986.