Emilia Pardo Bazán

(1852-1921), Spain.

This most famous of contemporary writers, was born in Galicia. Her novels, short stories and literary criticism made her the most important woman writer of her generation. The Critical Issue, her most famous work, became a polemical essay which discussed Zola and Naturalism, made French and Russian literary movements known in Spain and started an important literary controversy in which she championed the free will of the individual.