of the lusitanian rebels who fought the Roman domination. He kept
the war for over eight years and finally signed the peace with
the Roman Consul. The Lusitans had seen the Roman presence (started
around 198 b.c.), become progressively more domineering in the
region, and sought to check their colonization by raiding Roman
settlements and army camps. Subsequently the Romans branded these
Lusitans barbaric brigands and sought to exterminate them.
up to 146 b.c., Viriato initially lived as a pastoral goat herder,
then engaged in Lusitan raids on Roman settlements as a source
146 b.c. Viriato was elected Chieftain after he lead the survivors
of a massacre out of a Roman deathtrap. His ingenious guerrilla
tactics and success at taking the battle to the Romans, kept the
Romans out of Lusitan tribal lands, curtailed their advances into
other parts of the Iberian Peninsula and sparked "rebellions"
with other tribes under Roman control.
141 b.c., Viriato, allowed a defeated and prostrate Roman army
to return to Rome, requesting only that the borders of the Lusitans
be respected and that the Lusitans be granted the status of 'amici
populi Romani ' - 'friends of the Roman people'. These peace terms
were actually ratified by the Roman Senate.
the next two years the Romans broke this and other treaties they
made with the Lusitans. In 139 b.c. the Roman general bribed 3
lieutenants of Viriato to kill him and they assassinated Viriato
in his sleep.